THE MEANING OF SPORTS MEDICINE PHYSICIANS AND THE WHOLE TEAM IN THE PROCES OF REHABILITATION AND ACTIVE TRAININGS FOR THE PEOPLE WHO DO SPORTS AMATOURLY AND PROFFESIONALLY

Doktor Krzysztof Gryglicki_Znaczenie lekarza medycyny sportowej oraz całego zespołu w procesie rehabilitacji i treningach osób uprawiających sport amatorsko i zawodowo

Millions of people around the world do many different types of sports in professional or amateur way. Along with this occurrence the specific medical needs were born. Two big  fields of medicine, which compliments each other, played tremendous role in this issue: sport medicine and medical rehabilitation.

Each and every sportsmen meets on his way a process of functional diagnostics which can be very useful in minimizing the risks of injuries that are typical for particular sport discipline but also it could be extremely helpful in getting acquainted with a rehabilitation program aimed at restoring full physical fitness so one is able to return to customary trainings and take part in competitions.

For rising adept who is starting the adventure with sport it is crucial to understand the basic principles which rule the world of sports. To begin with appropriate preparation of one’s organism for bigger physical efforts, by matching the right diet, ending with biological regeneration.

The basics for a good preparation for training is sports qualification. It is an introductory examination held by sports medicine physician. His tasks also include: prevention of injuries, diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation, improvement of sports results through training, proper nutrition and psychological counselling, proper handling of medical problems (recommendation of exercises for injured and healthy people), selection of appropriate exercises for children, women, elderly people and those with physical disabilities (para-Olympians).

A wide range of sports medicine and physiotherapy can and should be practiced by an interdisciplinary team of specialists. In rather smaller communities (for example small borough or village) the team could be formed with a family doctor and a physiotherapist. In more populated urban areas, the team may consist of: a sports medicine doctor, a physiotherapist, a masseur, an orthopaedist surgeon, a dietician, a psychologist, a trainer of motor and strength preparation.

Corelations between trainer, sportsman and physiotherapist are very strong. The feeling of mutual trust between the doctor and the fighter will allow him/her to follow all advice and execute all recommendations with full commitment.

A very important rule is played by the trainer who is responsible for the contestant and his/her sports results. Therefore, he should be involved in the entire medical process and participate in the decisions made with regard to fighter. The trainer also provides professional assistance in determining the possible cause of injury, resulting, for example, from an incorrect training technique or wrongly chosen equipment.

Each athlete is a unique unit with specific needs. The physician, or physiotherapist who deals with sportsmen every day, is aware of that perfectly well. Without understanding this fact, a given player cannot be treated properly because the patient may or may not be an Olympian whose vocation depends on the results achieved in the upcoming tests.

Physical activity raises the natural need to satisfy the body through properly selected exercises or a form of training. Many young people are looking for such an alternative training at gyms or sports clubs.

Doing sports brings many benefits and is an adventure for a lifetime, as long as we allow our body to be guided by professionals with full awareness without any risk of injuries that will make it impossible to practice your favourite sport.