Doktor Kinga Gryglicka_Występowanie zachowań ryzykownych u młodzieży

Problematic behaviours in adolescents are an extremely important factor affecting different types of behaviours that don’t fit in the so-called social norm. Many of these factors influence the person directly as well as the surrounding environment in which the person is staying and vice versa. All factors such as biological, social and psychological have an impact on this.

It is also worth noticing the coexistence of aggressive behaviours, alcohol abuse or other psychoactive drugs described by many authors as a group of problematic or risky behaviours that draw the attention of young people and more and more often even children. Adolescence is an exceptional time in every young person life. It is a time of intense biological, mental, spiritual and emotional changes. During this period, most of young people are looking for essential values in the world, are defining the goals and their aspirations, but first and foremost – are shaping their identity. The concept of “being” becomes extremely important. Who I am, what I am and what I can offer to others are important aspects in everyone’s life.

Adolescent’s problematic behaviours may have serious consequences if their intensity and frequency increases. They do not have a positive developmental impact and become problematic. Negative consequences of risky behaviours include: overstepping of social norms, low level of social communication, threat to good health and even life.

Experimenting is an inseparable part of youthful life. Thanks to this a teenager learns the rinciples that rule the world and learn about the effects of his/her actions. As a result of low resistance to stress, aggressiveness may occur and this could also lead to criminal behaviours. This type of procedure gives a short-lasting relief and could emotional calm, which may be compared to taking ecstasy. This is the last moment when one should to change this behaviour.

The physical culture may become an effective way in counteracting risky behaviour among children and adolescents. Well-chosen sport activity reduces the majority of adverse behaviours. Through active participation in sport activities, especially the ones that teaches healthy competition, the youth reduce tension, at the same time increases self-control and concentration.

Muaythai is a martial art thanks to which we can train and shape our body, but above all, it teaches the basic principles of social relations such as courage, balance, brotherhood, respect for the other person, what we can call the fair play rules. Thanks to this principle, we fight with the competitor, not with the rival.

Sports fighting favours the level of arousal during training, sparring and competition. However, it should not encourage aggression. In case of Muaythai sport we can talk about the good aspects of the training, to which the coach contributes. Thanks to the trainer, contact with martial art becomes not only a physical experience, but also mental. Trainers teach how to reach for the top, as well as guide youth to learn techniques of controlling stress, aggression, concentration, concentration, memory, etc. It is the trainer who decides about the choice and form of the training. At the moment when the young fighter learns the rules of training and the sport itself, he shapes his system of values, and thus directs further actions which will not allow the occurrence of risky behaviours.